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Friedreich's ataxia: Pathology, pathogenesis, and molecular genetics

The pathogenic mutation in Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is a homozygous guanine-adenine-adenine (GAA) trinucleotide repeat expansion on chromosome 9q13 that causes a transcriptional defect of the frataxin gene. Deficiency of frataxin, a small mitochondrial protein, is responsible for all clinical and morphological manifestations of FRDA. This autosomal recessive disease affects central and peripheral nervous systems, heart, skeleton, and endocrine pancreas. Long expansions lead to early onset, severe clinical illness, and death in young adult life.

Friedreich's ataxia: Pathology, pathogenesis, and molecular genetics


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Jen Farmer

Jen Farmer

Executive Director

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