Please wait while your page loads ...
In this section, you will find the most recent FA research publications, many of which are funded by FARA, as well as information on upcoming conferences and symposiums. You can search for articles by date using the archive box in the right hand column. To locate FARA Funded or Supported Research, click the hyperlink in the right hand column. You may also search for specific content using key words or phrases in the search button at the top right of your screen. Please be sure to visit other key research sections of our website for information on FARA’s Grant Program and the Treatment Pipeline.
Iron overload is involved in several pathological conditions, including Friedreich ataxia, a disease caused by decreased expression of the mitochondrial protein frataxin. In a previous study, we identified 14 proteins selectively oxidized in yeast cells lacking Yfh1, the yeast frataxin homolog. Most of these were magnesium-binding proteins. Decreased Mn-SOD activity, oxidative damage to CuZn-SOD, and increased levels of chelatable iron were also observed in this model.
The cerebellar and spinocerebellar dysfunction seen in Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) has known effects on motor function. Recently, it was suggested that people with FRDA may also have impairment in motor planning, either because of cortical pathology or because of cerebello-cortical projections. Fifteen adults with FRDA and 15 matched controls completed a task requiring reciprocating movements between two buttons on a tapping board.
Over 15 inherited diseases are caused by expansion of triplet-repeats. Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) patients are homozygous for an expanded GAA triplet-repeat sequence in intron 1 of the FXN gene. The expanded GAA triplet-repeat results in deficiency of FXN gene transcription, which is reversed via administration of histone deacetylase inhibitors indicating that transcriptional silencing is at least partially due to an epigenetic abnormality.
Trinucleotide repeat expansion is the genetic basis for a sizeable group of inherited neurological and neuromuscular disorders. Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is a relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by GAA·TTC repeat expansion in the first intron of the FXN gene. The expanded repeat reduces FXN mRNA expression and the length of the repeat tract is proportional to disease severity. Somatic expansion of the GAA·TTC repeat sequence in disease-relevant tissues is thought to contribute to the progression of disease severity during patient aging.