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FARAFARA Cure FA

 

Scientific News

FARA funds research progress

In this section, you will find the most recent FA research publications, many of which are funded by FARA, as well as information on upcoming conferences and symposiums. You can search for articles by date using the archive box in the right hand column. To locate FARA Funded or Supported Research, click the hyperlink in the right hand column. You may also search for specific content using key words or phrases in the search button at the top right of your screen. Please be sure to visit other key research sections of our website for information on FARA’s Grant Program and the Treatment Pipeline.

 


 

Yeast frataxin mutants display decreased superoxide dismutase activities crucial to promote protein oxidative damage

Iron overload is involved in several pathological conditions, including Friedreich ataxia, a disease caused by decreased expression of the mitochondrial protein frataxin. In a previous study, we identified 14 proteins selectively oxidized in yeast cells lacking Yfh1, the yeast frataxin homolog. Most of these were magnesium-binding proteins. Decreased Mn-SOD activity, oxidative damage to CuZn-SOD, and increased levels of chelatable iron were also observed in this model.

Read More: Yeast frataxin mutants display decreased superoxide dismutase activities crucial to promote protein oxidative damage

Impairment in motor reprogramming in Friedreich ataxia reflecting possible cerebellar dysfunction

The cerebellar and spinocerebellar dysfunction seen in Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) has known effects on motor function. Recently, it was suggested that people with FRDA may also have impairment in motor planning, either because of cortical pathology or because of cerebello-cortical projections. Fifteen adults with FRDA and 15 matched controls completed a task requiring reciprocating movements between two buttons on a tapping board.

Read More: Impairment in motor reprogramming in Friedreich ataxia reflecting possible cerebellar dysfunction

Epigenetic Silencing in Friedreich Ataxia Is Associated with Depletion of CTCF (CCCTC-Binding Factor) and Antisense Transcription

Over 15 inherited diseases are caused by expansion of triplet-repeats. Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) patients are homozygous for an expanded GAA triplet-repeat sequence in intron 1 of the FXN gene. The expanded GAA triplet-repeat results in deficiency of FXN gene transcription, which is reversed via administration of histone deacetylase inhibitors indicating that transcriptional silencing is at least partially due to an epigenetic abnormality.

Read More: Epigenetic Silencing in Friedreich Ataxia Is Associated with Depletion of CTCF (CCCTC-Binding Factor) and Antisense Transcription

Progressive GAA·TTC Repeat Expansion in Human Cell Lines

Trinucleotide repeat expansion is the genetic basis for a sizeable group of inherited neurological and neuromuscular disorders. Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is a relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by GAA·TTC repeat expansion in the first intron of the FXN gene. The expanded repeat reduces FXN mRNA expression and the length of the repeat tract is proportional to disease severity. Somatic expansion of the GAA·TTC repeat sequence in disease-relevant tissues is thought to contribute to the progression of disease severity during patient aging.

Read More: Progressive GAA·TTC Repeat Expansion in Human Cell Lines

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