SLong M, Tang S, Fan H, Gan Z, Xia H, Lu Y.

The genus Gallaecimonas, proposed by Rodríguez-Blanco et al., is mainly isolated from marine environments. So far, only three species have been identified and characterized in this genus. In this study, a new Gallaecimonas strain named Q10T was isolated from the sediments of mangrove plant Kandelia obovate taken from Dapeng district, Shenzhen, China. Strain Q10T was a Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium, and grew with 0-8.0% (w/v) NaCl, at 10-45 °C and at pH 5.5-8.5. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain Q10T and the three Gallaecimonas species formed a clade in the tree, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities ranging from 96.0 to 97.0%. The major respiratory quinone is Q8. The polar lipids comprised aminolipid, aminophospholipid, diphosphatidylglycerol, glycolipid, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, glycophospholipid and phospholipid. The predominant fatty acids are C16:0, C17:1ω8c, summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c), and iso-C16:0. The complete genome of strain Q10T is 3,836,841 bp with a G+C content of 62.6 mol%. The orthologous proteins analysis revealed 55 unique proteins in strain Q10T related to important biological processes, especially three frataxins related to iron-sulfur cluster assembly, which may play a pivotal role in environmental adaptability of this species. Based on polyphasic taxonomic data, strain Q10T is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Gallaecimonas, for which the name Gallaecimonas kandelia sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Q10T (=KCTC 92860T=MCCC 1K08421T). These results contribute to a better understanding of general features and taxonomy of the genus Gallaecimonas.

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