Prognostic value of longitudinal strain and ejection fraction in Friedreich ataxia

Cardiac disease is the major cause of death in Friedreich's ataxia (FA), patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) having the worse prognosis. Longitudinal strain (LS) appeared to be a better predictor of outcome than LVEF in different diseases. The prognostic value of LS measured from the 4 chambers view was compared to LVEF. From 2003 to 2017 consecutive patients with FA were included and LS analysis was retrospectively performed. 140 patients were studied, with a median age of 34 (26-41) years (Q1-Q3) with age at onset of 14 (11-19) years and GAA repeats on the shorter allele of 600 (467-783) pb. Mean LS was 19.9 ± 5.0% and LVEF 64 ± 8%. After a mean follow-up of 7.4 ± 3.9 years, 14 patients died. In univariate Cox analysis, all-cause mortality was associated with: LS (HR 0.83; 95%CI, 0.75-0.91, p = 0.0002), LVEF (HR 0.30; 95%CI, 0.19-0.49, p < 0.0001), GAA repeats on the shorter allele (HR 1.29; 95%CI, 1.10-1.51, p = 0.002), age at onset (HR 0.87; 95%CI, 0.77-0.98, p = 0.018), LVSystolic Diameter (HR 1.17; 95%CI, 1.09-1.26, p < 0.0001), LVMass index (HR 1.02; 95%CI, 1.00-1.04, p = 0.027), and LVDiastolic Diameter (HR1.12; 95%CI, 1.01-1.23, p = 0.028). In multivariate analysis, LVEF was the only independent predictor of mortality (HR 0.41; 95%CI, 0.23-0.74, p = 0.0029). In FA, LS was not an independent predictor of mortality, LVEF remained the only independent predictor in the present study.

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