Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is the most common inherited neuropathy with a prevalence of 1 in 2500 individuals worldwide. The authors report three Turkish siblings from consanguineous parents presenting with a CMT-like phenotype who carry a homozygous c.493C>T, p.Arg165Cys mutation in the FXN gene. The identified missense mutation has been reported previously in two Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) cases in compound heterozygosity with the common GAA repeat expansion in the first intron of the FXN gene. Analysis of skin biopsy samples from this family indicated that the mutation does not affect the expression levels of the frataxin, pointing to functional impairment of the corresponding protein. The CMT phenotype in the siblings was associated with visual impairment, optic nerve atrophy, and dysarthria. This family represents the first FXN missense mutation in homozygosity and challenges the notion that missense mutations have not been reported yet due to their embryonic lethality. Furthermore, this finding poses an interesting genetic overlap between autosomal recessive CMT and FRDA that may have important implications on understanding the pathogenesis of these neurological disorders.

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