Human frataxin has a vital role in the biosynthesis of iron-sulfur (Fe-S) clusters in mitochondria, and its deficiency causes the neurodegenerative disease Friedreich's ataxia. Proposed functions for frataxin in the Fe-S pathway include iron donation to the Fe-S cluster machinery and regulation of cysteine desulfurase activity to control the rate of Fe-S production, although further molecular detail is required to distinguish these two possibilities.

Read More: His86 from the N-Terminus of Frataxin Coordinates Iron and Is Required for Fe-S Cluster Synthesis