Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is the most common hereditary autosomal recessive ataxia, but is also a multisystemic condition with frequent presence of cardiomyopathy or diabetes. It has been linked to expansion of a GAA-triplet repeat in the first intron of the FXN gene, leading to a reduced level of frataxin, a mitochondrial protein which, by controlling both iron entry and/or sulfide production, is essential to properly assemble and protect the Fe-S cluster during the initial stage of biogenesis.

Read More: Pathophysiogical and therapeutic progress in Friedreich ataxia