Friedreich's ataxia is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease that is due to the loss of function of the frataxin protein. The molecular basis of this disease is still a matter of debate and treatments have so far focused on managing symptoms. Drugs that can increase the amount of frataxin protein offer a possible therapy for the disease. One such drug is recombinant human erythropoietin (rhu-EPO). Here, we report the effects of rhu-EPO on frataxin mRNA and protein in primary fibroblast cell cultures derived from Friedreich's ataxia patients.